Description Maltese Puppy
The Maltese had been recognized as a FCI breed under the patronage of Italy in 1954, at the annual meeting in
Interlaken, Switzerland. The current FCI standard is dated November 27, 1989 and the latest translation from
standard being from March 10, 1964.
Characteristics include slightly rounded skulls, with a finger-wide dome and black nose that is two finger-widths
long. The body is compact with the length equaling the height. The drop ears with long hair and very dark eyes,
surrounded by darker skin pigmentation (called a "halo"), gives Maltese their expressive look. Their noses can
fade and become pink or light brown in color without exposure to sunlight. This is often referred to as a "winter
nose" and many times will become black again with increased exposure to the sun.
Coat and color
Maltese dog in full show coat.
The coat is long and silky and lacks an undercoat. The color is pure white; although cream or light lemon ears are
permissible, they are not regarded as desirable. Also, a pale ivory tinge is permitted. In some standards, traces
of pale orange shades are tolerated, but considered an imperfection.
Adult Maltese range from roughly 5 to 12 lb (2.3 to 5.4 kg), though breed standards, as a whole, call for weights
between 4 and 7 lb (1.8 and 3.2 kg). There are variations depending on which standard is being used. Many, like the
American Kennel Club, call for a weight that is ideally less than 7 lb with between 4 and 6 lb preferred.
They can be 8-10 inches(21-23cm)
Maltese are bred to be cuddly companion dogs, and thrive on love and attention. They are extremely lively and
playful, and even as a Maltese ages, his or her energy level and playful demeanor remain fairly constant. Some
Maltese may occasionally be snappish with smaller children and should be supervised when playing, although
socializing them at a young age will reduce this habit. They also adore humans, and prefer to stay near them.
Basically, Maltese is a breed that is cuddly, playful, and very kind and loving. The Maltese is very active within a
house, and, preferring enclosed spaces, does very well with small yards. For this reason, the breed also fares well
in apartments and townhouses, and is a prized pet of urban dwellers. Maltese also suffer from separation anxiety,
so potential owners should be cognizant of this behavior.
An Australia-wide (not including Tasmania) research project carried out in conjunction with RSPCA found owners
likely to dump their Maltese terriers, citing the tendency of Maltese to bark constantly. This breed is Australia's
most dumped dog. In addition, figures released in 2010 by the Korean National Veterinary Research and
Quarantine Service show that some 1,208 Maltese were abandoned between January and August 2010, making it
the most abandoned breed in Seoul, Korea.
Though, many people mistreat them and abandoned Maltese in Australia and Seoul.
A Maltese dog that exhibits signs of tear staining underneath eyes and around the muzzle.
Maltese have no undercoat, and have little to no shedding if cared for properly. Like their relatives Poodles and
Bichon Frisé, they are considered to be largely hypoallergenic and many people who are allergic to dogs may not be
allergic to the Maltese (See list of Hypoallergenic dog breeds).
Daily cleaning is required to prevent the risk of tear-staining.
Regular grooming is also required to prevent the coats of non-shedding dogs from matting. Many owners will keep
their Maltese clipped in a "puppy cut," a 1 - 2" all over trim that makes the dog resemble a puppy. Some owners,
especially those who show Maltese in the sport of conformation, prefer to wrap the long fur to keep it from
matting and breaking off, and then to show the dog with the hair unwrapped combed out to its full length.
Dark staining in the hair around the eyes, "tear staining," can be a problem in this breed, and is mostly a function of
how much the individual dog's eyes water and the size of the tear ducts. Tear stain can be readily removed if a
fine-toothed metal comb, moistened with lukewarm water, is carefully drawn through the snout hair just below the
eyes. This maintenance activity must be performed every two or three days, as a layer of sticky film is quick to
redevelop. If the face is kept dry and cleaned daily, the staining can be minimized. Many veterinarians recommend
avoiding foods treated with food coloring, and serving distilled water to reduce tear staining. There are also a few
products on the market, for preventing tear stains.
Maltese are susceptible to "reverse sneezing," which sounds like a honking, snorting, or gagging sound and results
often from overexcitement, play, allergies, or upon waking up. It's not life threatening, but owners should take
measures to calm their Maltese down. Some owners cover the dog's nostrils to force it to breathe through its
mouth. Always consult a physician if your Maltese reverse sneezes excessively
|A puppy plays with every pup he meets, but an old dog has few associates.
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