A cross of Maltese and Shih Tzu, the happy and intelligent
Maltese Shih Tzu is a joy to train.

The Maltese Shih Tzu is a "designer breed," a cross between a Maltese and Shih Tzu. Designer dogs aren't true
breeds — they're crosses of two specific breeds. If you're interested in a Maltese Shih Tzu puppy, understand
that his looks, size, and temperament aren't as predictable as those of purebreds, since you don't know which
characteristics from each breed will show up in any given dog.
Maltese Shih Tzus are adaptable and will be active and outgoing in a busy home, or quiet and reserved in a calm
home. They require daily exercise and do well with a good walk or romp in the yard.
Maltese Shih Tzus can suffer from respiratory problems. Heat and humidity can aggravate these conditions, so a
home with air-conditioning is best.
Some bark, but they don't seem to be as noisy as other small breeds, including the parent breeds. They will alert
bark, however, so they can make good watchdogs.
Maltese Shih Tzus are low shedders, but they require daily brushing to keep their coats free of mats. The coat can
be clipped every six to eight weeks.
Loving and gentle, Maltese Shih Tzus can make an excellent companions to both children and the elderly, and to
first-time or timid owners.
Maltese Shih Tzus generally do well with other dogs and pets.
Maltese Shih Tzus are intelligent and train easily.
Due to their size, Maltese Shih Tzus can make excellent apartment residents, but they're happiest when they have
a yard in which to enjoy the great outdoors.
To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. Look for a
reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they're free of genetic diseases that they might
pass onto the puppies, and that they have sound temperaments.

The Maltese Shih Tzu was developed in the 1990s in an attempt to create a low-shedding companion dog. It's a bit
surprising that he has gained popularity on a name that simply combines those of the two breeds used in the
crossbreeding. Unlike many other designer dogs, the use of cute names
has not been necessary to promote this hybrid.

The Maltese Shih Tzu is currently one of the most popular hybrids in Australia, although his fame has also grown in
North America and other countries.

There are no breed clubs or breed standards for this dog, and many of the litters produced are the result of
first-generation breeding between Maltese and Shih Tzus. There has been some second-generation breeding, but
so far the Maltese Shih Tzu has not undergone breeding of third and subsequent generations.

Although there is no breed standard for the Maltese Shih Tzu, he's roughly 10 inches tall and weighs somewhere
between 6 and 12 pounds.

The Maltese Shih Tzu is an adaptable, intelligent dog. He's likely to be active and outgoing, if not downright
boisterous, but occasionally you find the laid-back and quiet personality.

For a Maltese Shih Tzu, the most important aspect of life is family: nothing else matters as much as being with you.
If he has that, everything else is negotiable. When good breeding stock is used,
he has a nice, well-rounded temperament.

He can be curious, which can occasionally get him into trouble. He's usually happy, however, and always ready for a
good play session.

Temperament is affected by a number of factors, including heredity, training, and socialization. Puppies with nice
temperaments are curious and playful, willing to approach people and be held by them. Choose the middle-of-the-
road puppy, not the one who's beating up his littermates or the one who's hiding in the corner.

Always meet at least one of the parents — usually the mother is the one who's available — to ensure that they have
nice temperaments that you're comfortable with. Meeting siblings or other relatives of the parents is also helpful
for evaluating what a puppy will be like when he grows up.

The Maltese Shih Tzu needs early socialization and training. Like any dog, he can become timid if he's not properly
socialized when he's young. Early socialization helps ensure that your puppy grows up to be a
well-rounded dog.

Enrolling your young Maltese Shih Tzu in a puppy kindergarten class is a great start. Inviting visitors over
regularly, taking your dog to busy parks and stores that allow dogs, and going on leisurely strolls to meet the
neighbors will also help him polish his social skills.

The notion of hybrid vigor is worth understanding if you're looking for a Maltese Shih Tzu. Hybrid vigor isn't
necessarily characteristic of mixed breeds; it occurs when new blood is brought in from outside the usual breeding
circle — it's the opposite of inbreeding.

However, there is a general misconception that hybrid vigor automatically applies to mixed breeds. If the genetic
pool for the mixed breed remains the same over time, the offspring won't have hybrid vigor. And if a purebred
breeder brings in a dog from a different line, those puppies will have hybrid vigor,
even though they're purebred.

Maltese Shih Tzus are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they're prone to certain health conditions. Not all
Maltese Shih Tzus will get any or all of these diseases, but it's important to be aware of them if you're
considering this breed.

If you're buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you health clearances for both your puppy's parents.
Health clearances prove that a dog has been tested for and cleared of a particular condition.

Before you bring home your Maltese Shih Tzu, find out if he's from a first-generation or multigenerational
breeding (though multigenerational breedings are rare for this mix). If he's a first-generation dog, research the
health concerns that occur in both the Maltese and the Shih Tzu. Regardless of generation, both parents should
have applicable health clearances.
Some disorders are caused by recessive genes that may not appear for generations.

In Maltese Shih Tzus, you should expect to see health clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals
(OFA) for hip dysplasia (with a score of fair or better), elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand's
disease; from Auburn University for thrombopathia; and from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF)
certifying that eyes are normal. You can confirm health clearances by checking the OFA web site (offa.org).

Patellar Luxation: also known as slipped stifles, this is a common problem in small dogs. The patella is the kneecap.
Luxation means dislocation of an anatomical part (as a bone at a joint). Patellar luxation is when the knee joint
(often of a hind leg) slides in and out of place, causing pain. This can be crippling, although many dogs lead relatively
normal lives with this condition.
White Shaker Syndrome: This affects young to middle-aged dogs. The disease is seen in both the Shih Tzu and
Maltese and has been seen in any crosses produced by either breed. Symptoms are uncontrollable shaking and an
inability to walk. An episode can last all day. Treatment is usually corticosteroids for three to six months, after
which time most dogs don't need additional treatment (although some may require low doses every other day to
keep the condition under control).

The Maltese Shih Tzu is an adaptable dog who can change his habits to reflect the home that he lives in. He can be
active and outgoing in a high-energy home, but he can also be calm and reserved in a quieter home.

Regardless of personality, the Maltese Shih Tzu requires the same amount of care. He should have a daily
exercise, but this can be as simple as a leisurely walk through the neighborhood or a fun game of fetch down a
hallway or in the yard. Expect about 10 to 15 minutes of exercise per day.

He can do well in apartments, but the ideal is a home with a small yard. Maltese Shih Tzus love the outdoors and
will spend a significant amount of time playing and romping outside. A home with air-conditioning is suggested, since
some Maltese Shih Tzus can suffer from respiratory problems that can be made worse in heat and humidity; don't
let him stay outside too long or play too hard when it's hot and humid.

Training is as important for Maltese Shih Tzus as it is for all dogs, and he can be trained with little difficulty since
he's bright and eager to learn. He makes an excellent dog for first-time owners. Socialization is important,
especially since the Maltese Shih Tzu is a social dog and loves to receive visitors
or go visiting himself.

He can be noisy and will alert bark when he sees something or someone suspicious; however, he's not as noisy as
some other small dogs, and that includes his parent breeds. (That's the joy of the hybrid.)

Crate training benefits every dog and is a kind way to ensure that your Maltese Shih Tzu doesn't have accidents in
the house or get into things he shouldn't. A crate is also a place where he can retreat for a nap. Crate training at a
young age will help your dog accept confinement if he ever needs to be boarded or hospitalized.

Never stick your Maltese Shih Tzu in a crate all day long, however. It's not a jail, and he shouldn't spend more than
a few hours at a time in it except when he's sleeping at night. He's a people dog, and not meant to spend his life
locked up in a crate or kennel.

Recommended daily amount: 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.

Note: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are
individuals, just like people, and they don't all need the same amount of food. It almost goes without saying that a
highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog. The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference —
the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you'll need to shake
into your dog's bowl.

Keep your Maltese Shih Tzu in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day rather than leaving
food out all the time. If you're unsure whether he's overweight,
give him the eye test and the hands-on test.

First, look down at him. You should be able to see a waist. Then place your hands on his back, thumbs along the
spine, with the fingers spread downward. You should be able to feel but not see his ribs without having to press
hard. If you can't, he needs less food and more exercise.

For more on feeding your Maltese Shih Tzu, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and
feeding your adult dog.
Coat, Color and Grooming

The coat of the Maltese Shih Tzu should be long, and soft and silky in texture. It should have some wave to it, but
it should never be curly. Maltese Shih Tzus generally are white or white with tan markings on the body and ears,
but they can sport a combination of other colors, such as black, brown, black and white, brown and white, and black
and brown.

A fine Maltese Shih Tzu coat requires care and needs daily brushing to keep out tangles and mats. Regular bathing
keeps the coat soft and silky. He can be clipped to make grooming a bit easier, but he still needs to be brushed
weekly at a minimum, and clipped every six to nine weeks.

Maltese Shih Tzus can have some problems with tearstains under the eyes, like their Maltese parents; these may
need to be treated with commercial tearstain removers.
Keeping the area around the eye clean helps reduce staining.

Brush your Maltese Shih Tzu's teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar buildup and the bacteria
that lurk inside it. Daily brushing is even better if you want to prevent gum disease and bad breath.

Trim his nails once or twice a month if your dog doesn't wear them down naturally to prevent painful tears and
other problems. If you can hear them clicking on the floor, they're too long. Dog toenails have blood vessels in
them, and if you cut too far you can cause bleeding — and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the
nail clippers come out. So, if you're not experienced trimming dog nails, ask a vet or groomer for pointers.

His ears should be checked weekly for redness or a bad odor, which can indicate an infection. When you check your
dog's ears, wipe them out with a cotton ball dampened with gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner to help prevent
infections. Don't insert anything into the ear canal; just clean the outer ear.

Begin accustoming your Maltese Shih Tzu to being brushed and examined when he's a puppy. Handle his paws
frequently — dogs are touchy about their feet — and look inside his mouth. Make grooming a positive experience
filled with praise and rewards, and you'll lay the groundwork for easy veterinary exams and other handling when
he's an adult.

As you groom, check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the
skin, in the nose, mouth, and eyes, and on the feet. Eyes should be clear, with no redness or discharge. Your careful
weekly exam will help you spot potential health problems early.
Mal-Shi Puppies
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sluggishly in their veins, to try keeping four dogs, two of which are puppies."

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